The history of Corsica is enthralling,
to tell it in details would be a true Herculean
task. Here thus a chronology which gives an
outline of the principal historical events
of the island. I am not to in no case historian.
These some dates do not want simply to give,
with the Net surfer who will come on this
site, that reference marks in time and to
perhaps enable him to better understand
Corsica and the Corsicans.
Towards 60 000 front J.C. one finds
the first indices of a human presence.
6570 front. J-C. - the skeleton of
the "Lady of Bonifacio" attests
settlement of Corsica as of this time.
4 000 front. J-C. - prehistoric Corsica
knows his apogee with the megalithic era.
Between 2000 and 1800 front J.C. First
megalithic demonstrations (Large dolmens).
Area of Sartène.
Between 1500 and 1300 front J.C. With
the culture of the "torre" and the
"castelli" Corsica enter Protohistoire
(Inscribed menhirs armées).Filitosa.
700 - 565 front. J.C. Iron age (Site
564 front. J-C: Foundation of Aléria
260 front. J-C: Beginning of the Roman
458: Invasion of the Vandals.
534: Byzantine occupation.
754: Pépin the Short offers Corsica
to the Pope.
VIII-Xème centuries: Invasions sarrasines.
1289: Genoa settles in Corsica.
1297: The crown of Corsica is offered to Jacques
Ier d' Aragon by the Boniface pope.
1358: Revolt of Sambucucciu d' Alandu in the
North of Corsica. One year before, Genoa had
invested whole Corsica.
1406: A Corsican lord, Vincentello d' Istria
becomes the Master of the island and with
the support of king d' Aragon, Génois
1453: Genoa yields Corsica to a bank, the
Office of Saint-Georges.
1553-1559: The French occupy Corsica (Sampiero
1559: The treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis
returns Corsica to Genoa.
1564-1567: Sampiero Corso reconquers Corsica.
1567: Sampiero Corso is assassinated.
1729: Beginning of the great rebellion of
the Corsicans also called "forty year
1736: Theodore de Neuhoff is elected king
of the Corsicans.
1738-1741: First French intervention.
1745: Intervention anglo-sarde.
1747-1753: Second French intervention.
1755: Pasquale Paoli is elected "General
1768: Treaty of Versailles by which
Genoa gives up for a symbolic franc in France
its rights on Corsica.
1769: The Corsican national troops are crushed
by the Frenchmen in Ponte Novu. Paoli exiles
himself in Great Britain.
1789: Corsica is declared " integral
part of the French Empire ".
1790: Return of Pascal Paoli. Corsica becomes
1794-1796: English-Corsican realm.
1795: Paoli exiles himself definitively.
1796: Halving departments.
1807: Pasquale Paoli's death in London.
1816: War of Fium' Orbu and massacre of the
Corsican Resistance fighters.
1895: Foundation of the newspaper corsiste
1905: A report is put back(handed) by Georges
Clemenceau to the President Falguières
who underlines the extreme poverty of Corsica.
1914-1918: The great war. Death scheduled(programmed)
by the Corsican people.
1922-1923: Reflation of the literature
in Corsican language and birth of a movement
1942: Corsica is occupied by the Italians.
1943: Corsica lifts up itself in September
and releases itself.
1975: Activists of the separatist movement
BOW (Action for the Renaissance of Corsica)
occupy to Aléria the cellar of a repatriated
wine grower. Two policemen are killed in the
assault. A MEMBER OF THE FRENCH RIOT POLICE
will be killed some days later to Bastia during
1976: Creation of the Forehead(Front) of National
Liberation of Corsica ( FLNC).
26/10/1981: The University of Corte opens
1982: Adoption of the particular status for
1988: Bait(onset) of dialogue between
the legal nationalist movement and the Home
Office, Pierre Joxe. The Corsican assembly
adopts a motion presented by the nationalists
and asserting " the existence of an alive
historic and cultural community grouping together(including)
Corsica of origin and Corsica of adoption:
the people complicate ".
1990: Propositions of Home secretary, Pierre
Joxe, concerning a particular status of Corsica.
In May 5th, 1992: disaster of Furiani (12
deaths, 2000 wounded persons)
1993: GONE UP STELLO of the S.N.C.M. crashes
into cliffs in Bonifazio's mouths.
1994: A commando group of the F.L.N.C tries
to blow up SPERONE's golf.
1996: Historic FLNC canal organizes the most
important press conference of its history.
1998: Murder of the prefect Claude Erignac.
1999: Affair(business) of the burned-out
In December, 1999: official Start of the process
of Matignon on Corsica.
2000: The assembly of Corsica approves, by
44 voices(votes) on 51, the devolvement in
Corsica of a framed(supervised) legislative
2002: Resumption of the discussions by the
2003: Creation of Fronte per has lingua Corsa
Creation this weekend (10 and in
11/05/03) to Corte du Fronte per has lingua
Corsa. These creators who denounce(cancel)
the disappearance scheduled(programmed) by
the language and by the same the bankruptcy
of numerous elected members which they say
" did not show themselves as high as
their mandate ".
The first Corsican ID cards
A collective of Corsican nationalist movements
distributed on Wednesday (14/05/03) symbolically
to Corte the first " Corsican ID cards
". Of a size(format) of a check card,
they were distributed to a dozen activists
having been made and have printed by computer
in the symbolic place of "Palazzu Naziunale",
seat of the parliament during the brief independence
of Corsica in the XVIIIth century. Of green
and blue colour, cards are struck Pascal Paoli's
coats of arms and carry(wear) a bar code allowing
the vote by Internet.
" It is a day symbolic and very important
for the Corsican nation ", declared François
Sargentini, one of the responsibles for Indipendenza.
Opening of the proces of the murderers
presumed the prefet Erignac (02/06/03)
The lawsuit of eight murderers presumed the
prefect Erignac opens on Monday (in June 2nd)
in front of the special criminal court of
Paris, in the absence of the presumed murderer,
Yvan Colonna, always on the run.
Besides eight men(people) accused of murder
or complicity, three other nationalists will
have to answer of the organization of several
attempts in 1994 and 1997. The yard will begin
the exam of the facts with these attempts.
The murder of the prefect should not be evoked
directly before in the middle of June
Referendum of 06/07/03
The parliament gave its approval to the bill
of home secretary yesterday organizing a local
referendum in Corsica, foresaw July 6th, to
create a unique(only) region with a measure
Arrest Yvan Colonna on July 4th,
Yvan Colonna surrounded with policemen rises
aboard a jet on the tarmac of the airport
of Bastia, in Corsica, some hours after its
arrest on Friday evening. The Corsican herdsman
was transferred under high surveillance to
the law court of Paris on Saturday afternoon,
with the aim of his indictment for the murder
of the prefect Erignac.
Referendum of July 6th, 2003
The first one of the French regions with a
measure of autonomy to experience the referendum
freedom opened by the constitutional revision
of March, 2003 authorizing the organization
decentralized by the Republic, Corsica said
"no" in a unique(only) community.
The various stakes in this referendum complicate
the interpretations of his(her,its) result.
Friday, July 11th, 2003
Kick out punishments(efforts) in the lawsuit
Two life imprisonments and six condemnations
to going punishments(efforts) from 15 to 30
years. It is the verdict of the special criminal
court of Paris concerning the authors presumed
the murder of the prefect Claude Erignac.
On Saturday 12juillet 2003
Fire in the Valley of Gravona. He(it)
will be put out(switched off) on July 26th,
2003. Without comment
(to See the U
FOCU BASTA page)
Of July at the end aôut a series
of attempts shakes Corsica
( One a day)
On Sunday, 17 aout 2003
AN ATTEMPT AGAINST EDF HAS BASTIA
On Monday, 18 aout 2003
AN EXPLOSIVE DEVICE NEAR THE CITY HALL OF
On Tuesday, 19 aout 2003
SHOTS AGAINST THE POLICE FORCE OF VICO
On Wednesday, 20 aout 2003
THE CAR OF A POLICEMAN BLOWN UP HAS TOLLA
On Thursday, 21 aout 2003
ATTEMPTS IN CORSE-DU-SUD
On Friday, 22 aout 2003
ATTEMPT HAS BASTIA
On Saturday, 23 aout 2003
ATTEMPT OF ATTEMPT IN AJACCIO